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What is Academic Misconduct?

Academic misconduct at the University of Toronto is defined by the Code of Behaviour on Academic Matters. Generally, academic misconduct is any behaviour, intentional or otherwise, that gives a student unearned or unfair advantage in academic work over other students. The Code outlines the responsibilities of all parties in the teaching and learning relationship, and the ethical principles which characterize the pursuit and transmission of knowledge in the University. All members of the University's academic community are expected to be familiar with and abide by the regulations set in this Code. Section B of the Code describes specific offences and who is considered a party to these offences. Section C describes the procedures for cases involving students. Appendix C provides the Provost’s guidelines about sanctions when a student is found to have engaged in academic misconduct.

As a student, you alone are responsible for ensuring the integrity of your work and for understanding what constitutes an academic offence.  Be sure to inform yourself on what is covered under the Code, and if you are not sure, seek guidance from your Professor or TA.  o Other suggested sources of assistance can be found under Best Practices &  Help.

The Code divides academic offences into nine categories:

1.    Altering, forging or falsifying documents other than academic records (B.I.1.a)

2.    Possession or use of unauthorized aids (B.I.1.b)

3.    Impersonation (B.I.1.c)

4.    Plagiarism (B.I.1.d)

5.    Submission of work for which credit has previously been obtained (B.I.1.e)

6.    Submission of work containing purported statement(s) of fact or reference(s) to concocted sources (B.I.1.f)

7.    Altering, forging or falsifying an academic record (B.I.3.a)

8.    Any other misconduct to obtain academic credit or advantage (B.I.3.b)

9.    Assisting another student in committing an offence (B.II.1.a)


Each offence can involve different types of student actions. We encourage you to consult the central U of T Academic Integrity website for examples of what actions can constitute academic misconduct. 

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