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Geography is the study of the environments created on the earth's surface by nature and people. The physical and biological elements of these environments, as well as their economic and social structure, historical development, spatial organization, interrelationships, management and planning, form the subject matter of geography. Geography offers programs leading to Hon. BA or BSc degrees.


Bachelor of Arts Programs

  • Human Geography (specialist, major and minor options)
  • Environmental Geography (specialist, major and minor options)
  • Asian Geographies (minor program offered jointly with the National University of Singapore)
  • Geographic Information Systems (minor)


Bachelor of Science Programs

  • Physical and Environmental Geography (specialist, major and minor options)
  • Environment and Energy (minor)


First-Year Courses

  • JEG 100H1 - Introduction to Physical Geography and Earth Sciences
  • GGR 101H1 - Ancient Civilizations and their Environments
  • GGR 107H1 - Environment, Food and People
  • GGR 112H1 - Geographies of Globalization, Development, and Inequality
  • GGR 124H1 - Urbanization, Contemporary Cities and Urban Life


Advice for First Year

Students who are interested in enrolling in the human or environmental geography programs should take two of the five first-year courses listed above. These courses are recommended for many other courses in the department. Each provides students with an introduction to geography and has a different emphasis.

Students who are interested in studying physical geography should take JEG 100H1. Varying combinations of science and math courses are also required geography programs leading to a science degree. Students will be required to take first-year courses in one or more of the following areas, depending on the program they wish to pursue: mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology.


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