Physics forms the bedrock of our understanding of Nature. Any physical object or process, or even the structure of the universe itself, can be the subject of physics. Physicists study an extremely diverse array of systems, from the simplest subatomic particles to the most complex processes found in biological cells or in the Earth's climate. Physics courses provide a comprehensive set of fundamental tools that can be brought to bear on many problems across a variety of fields.


Admission Information

  • Apply to the Physical & Mathematical Sciences admission category on the St. George campus
  • Six Grade 12 U or M courses, including English and Calculus and Vectors are required
  • Senior high school Physics is recommended for Chemical Physics but required for all other Physics programs
Biological Physics
  • Apply to the Life Sciences admission category on the St. George campus
  • Six Grade 12 U or M courses, including English and Calculus and Vectors are required
  • Senior high school credits in Physics, Chemistry and Biology are required for first-year courses


Bachelor of Science Programs

  • Physics (specialist, major and minor options)
  • Physics and Mathematics (specialist)
  • Biological Physics (specialist): Biochemistry Stream, Immunology Stream, Physiology Stream, and Advanced Physics Stream
  • Chemical Physics (specialist)
  • Physics and Astronomy (specialist)
  • Geophysics (specialist)
  • Physics and Philosophy (specialist)


First-Year Courses

  • PHY 100H1 - The Magic of Physics
  • PHY 131H1 - Introduction to Physics 1
  • PHY 132H1 - Introduction to Physics 2
  • PHY 151H1 - Foundations of Physics 1
  • PHY 152H1 - Foundations of Physics 2
  • PHY 289H1 - Physics at the Cutting Edge


Advice for First Year

Students who are interested in enrolling in a physics program should take PHY 151H1 and PHY 152H1 and one introductory calculus course. MAT 223H1 – Linear Algebra I is also recommended.

Students interested in receiving training in the Life Sciences with a core of Physics should consider enrolling in one of the four available streams in the Biological Physics Specialist. Please take a careful look at the first and second year course requirements for these streams and contact the Department of Physics for more information.

Additional first-year courses are required for most interdisciplinary physics programs – see the Calendar description for details. Students who are interested in learning more about current physics research may also want to take PHY 289H1.



Students with degrees in Physics are very successful in entering professional schools such as medicine, law, or business.

An undergraduate degree in physics is also the first step towards advanced studies in physics leading to careers in higher education, industrial and government research and development labs, high technology industries and in consulting.


Direct career options include:

Actuary Meteorologist
Assistant research officer Physicist
Astronomer Operations research analyst
Research assistant
Geophysicist Radiographer
Instrument maker Software Engineer
Logistics specialist Teacher
Laboratory technician Underwriter
Medical Biophysicist



Learn more about the Faculty of Arts & Science by reading our Viewbook


First Year