Everyone is part of a web of social relations that offers them opportunities and imposes constraints on the way they behave. Sociologists seek to explain how opportunities and constraints interact to influence economic, political, criminal, sexual, and other forms of social behaviour. They do so by systematically observing social milieux, conducting surveys and experiments, analyzing official statistics, and inspecting historical documents.


Admission Information

  • Apply to the Social Sciences admission category on the St. George campus
  • Six Grade 12 U or M courses, including English are required
  • Students outside of Ontario should have the equivalent senior high school credits


Bachelor of Arts Programs

  • Sociology (specialist, major and minor options)


First-Year Courses

  • SOC 101Y1 – Introduction to Sociology
  • SOC 102H1 – Introduction to Sociology: Social Inequalities
  • SOC 103H1 – Introduction to Sociology: Social Institutions and Processes


Advice for First Year

Students who are interested in enrolling in a sociology program should take SOC101Y1 or SOC102H1 and SOC103H1. This is a prerequisite for many courses in the department and is required for all sociology programs. 



Many organizations need sociologists with skills in planning, data analysis, and policy analysis. Others require the “people skills” that one often learns in sociology. Careers for people with a degree in sociology include the following:

  • In government: urban/regional planner, human rights officer, personnel coordinator, employment equity analyst, health policy analyst
  • In research: survey researcher, market researcher, statistical analyst, consumer researcher
  • In community work: occupational/career counselor, public health/hospital administrator, union consultant, community organizer, youth outreach worker
  • In business: market analyst, consumer researcher, public relations officer, labour relations officer, project manager, journalist 

Many careers require a graduate degree. A master’s degree usually takes a year beyond the BA. A PhD requires original research and may take five years beyond the BA. Positions as faculty members in postsecondary educational institutions require a PhD with evidence of high quality research and excellent communication skills.   

A career in any of the fields above may require additional technical training, graduate education and /or experience beyond the undergraduate level. Students are advised to use the resources offered by the University of Toronto's Career Centre.




Learn more about the Faculty of Arts & Science by reading our Viewbook


First Year