Mathematicians are critical thinkers who analyze, assess situations, and find solutions to problems. Direct applications of mathematics may be seen in many aspects of modern life, such as :

  • cryptography
  • mathematical biology
  • mathematical genomics
  • actuarial mathematics
  • mathematical finance
  • engineering
  • operations research
  • software design
  • mathematical epidemiology

Knowledge of mathematics opens gateways to many different professions  in fields such as commerce, economics, engineering, physics, chemistry, biology, law, medicine, computer science and mathematics. The applications of this knowledge tend to be quite concrete. For example, in economics the predictions of the stock markets are based on mathematical models, and individuals understanding these models and their limitations will have distinct advantages.

Aside from practical considerations, mathematics can be a highly satisfying intellectual pursuit. The field of mathematics is quite diverse, and it is a matter of personal taste which aspects you may find most appealing.



Admission Information

  • Apply to the Physical & Mathematical Sciences admission category on the St. George campus
  • Six Grade 12 U or M courses, including English and Calculus and Vectors are required
  • Senior high school Physics is required for the Mathematics and Physics program and for the Mathematics and its Applications (Physical Science) program
  • Senior high school Physics is recommended for Applied Mathematics
  • Students outside of Ontario should have the equivalent senior high school credits

Honours Bachelor of Science Programs

    • Mathematics (specialist, major and minor)
    • Applied Mathematics (specialist)
    • Mathematics and its Applications: Probability/Statistics (specialist)
    • Mathematics and its Applications: Physical Science (specialist)
    • Mathematics and its Applications: Teaching (specialist)
    • Mathematics and Physics (specialist)
    • Mathematics and Philosophy (specialist)
    • Mathematical Applications in Economics and Finance (specialist)
    • Economics and Mathematics - see economics
    • Statistics and Math - see statistics


    Combined Degree Program (CDP)

    The Combined Degree Program in Arts/Science and Education is designed to prepare the students with the required qualification for teaching in Ontario. Students earn an Honours Bachelor’s degree from the Faculty of Arts and Science (St. George) and an accredited professional Master of Teaching (MT) degree from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE). Both degrees are completed over six years.

    Program requirements include:

    1.     Minor in Education and Society, Victoria College
    2.     Major in Mathematics (first teaching subject)
    3.     Minor in an area corresponding to the second teaching subject as determined by OISE

    See the CDP calendar listing for additional information on the CDP, including admission, path to completion and contact information.


    First-Year Courses

      • MAT 133Y1 - Calculus and Linear Algebra for Commerce
      • MAT 135H1 - Calculus I (A)
      • MAT 136H1 - Calculus I (B)
      • MAT 137Y1 – Calculus
      • MAT 138H1 – Introduction to Proofs Introduction to Proofs (It is strongly recommended that students who have not taken a proof-based course in their high school program complete MAT 138H1 in the summer before taking MAT 137Y1 or MAT157Y1. They can also take the courses concurrently in fall. After you have accepted the U of T offer, you may e-mail to request enrolment in the course)
      • MAT 157Y1 - Analysis
      • MAT 223H1 - Linear Algebra I
      • MAT 224H1 – Linear Algebra II
      • MAT 240H1 - Algebra I
      • MAT 247H1 – Algebra II
      • JMB 170Y1 - Biology, Models, and Mathematics


      Preparatory Course, MAT138H1  - Introduction to Proofs

      This course is an introduction to the reading and understanding of mathematical statements, analyzing definitions and properties, finding and writing precise arguments, and formulation of proofs. The course is designed as a preparation for MAT137Y1, MAT157Y1, MAT 237Y1, MAT257Y1, MAT240H1, MAT247H1 and other proof-oriented 200-level courses. Students may register and complete this half credit during the second semester in the summer term or in the fall of their first or second year.


      Preparatory Course,  Preparing for University Mathematics Program (PUMP)

      PUMP is a non-credit course designed for students who have not taken the appropriate high school mathematics prerequisites for university calculus and linear algebra. It provides students with the necessary background knowledge required to succeed in first year mathematics courses. PUMP may also be taken by individuals who wish to close any existing gap between high school math and University level math courses or anyone who wish to review high school math before attempting University level math or other science courses. Students wishing to add the Psychology program may take PUMP in lieu of the high school math requirement.




      Qualified mathematics students are eligible for the U of T Professional Experience Year program (PEY). PEY is an internship program through which students can work for 12 to 16 months after either second or third year, and gain work experience relevant to their field of study.  Students are encouraged to explore the various opportunities that are available for work internship experience while completing their degrees. Here at the St. George campus, students register with the Engineering Career Centre where they are empowered with job search skills and given access to jobs to which they may apply. Selection for interviews and job offers are made in similar fashion as in the real job market where employers then select the most ideal candidate for the job. Candidates are allowed to accept or decline offers. For more specific inquiries relating to mathematics please contact



      An undergraduate degree in mathematics is an asset for many different career paths. Some of the best professions in terms of income and job satisfaction involve mathematics in an essential way. In the 2012 recent ranking of 200 jobs by  CareerCast.

      `Mathematician’ placed tenth, and indeed all the high-ranked professions involve mathematics skills. Quite generally, employers value the problem solving skills and the analytical way of thinking that come with proper mathematical training.

      Some career paths for people with training in mathematics may be found at the website from the  Mathematical Association of America.

      Mathematics career resources:



      Learn more about the Faculty of Arts & Science by reading our Viewbook


      First Year