School of the Environment

The School of the Environment offers a variety of environmental programs, some in collaboration with related departments. These programs emphasize the interdisciplinary skills necessary to understand and solve environmental issues and problems, and incorporate knowledge from scientific, political, social, and ethical perspectives. Our programs prepare students for a wide range of graduate school and career opportunities, and enable students to make a positive difference in their work and in their lives.

The School of the Environment offers programs leading to both Hon. BA and Hon. BSc degrees and information is provided on all programs and courses both on our website and in the U of T Faculty of Arts and Science Calendar.


Admission Information

  • Arts Programs
    • Apply to the Social Sciences admission category on the St. George campus
    • Six Grade 12 U or M courses, including English are required
    • Calculus and Vectors is required for the Environmental Economics program
    • Students outside of Ontario should have the equivalent senior high school credits
  • Science Programs
    • Apply to the Life Sciences admission category on the St. George campus
    • Six Grade 12 U or M courses, including English and Calculus and Vectors are required
    • Senior high school credits in Biology and Chemistry are required or recommended for first-year courses
    • Senior high school Physics is required or recommended preparation


    Core Programs

    • Environmental Studies BA (major and minor options)
    • Environmental Science BSc (major and minor options)

    Collaborative Programs

      • Environmental Chemistry BSc (specialist and minor options)
      • Environmental Ethics BA (major and minor options)
      • Environmental Geosciences BSc (specialist)
      • Environment and Behaviour BSc (minor)
      • Environment and Energy BSc (minor)
      • Environment and Health BSc (specialist and major options)
      • Environment and Toxicology BSc (specialist)

      Directed Minors

        • Environmental Anthropology BA (minor)
        • Environmental Biology BSc (minor)
        • Environmental Chemistry BSc (minor)
        • Environmental Economics BA (minor)
        • Environmental Geography BA (minor)
        • Geographic Information Systems BA (minor)
        • Physical and Environmental Geography BSc (minor)


        First-Year Courses

        The School of the Environment offers a popular first year social science course, ENV 100H1 - Introduction to Environmental Studies. The foundation course for the School's BA and BSc programs is ENV 221H1 - Multidisciplinary Perspectives on the Environment, offered at the second-year level along with courses specific to each program. ENV 200H1 - Assessing Global Change: Science and the Environment may also be taken by any first year student interested in a scientific perspective on global environmental change.


        Advice for First Year

        If you are interested in taking a BA environmental program, there are no required first year courses, but ENV 100H1 and ENV 200H1 are recommended preparation. The latter is a requirement of the Environmental Studies major and minor, also counts as a breadth course, and can be taken by first year students. If you are interested in taking a BSc environmental program, you will need to take the first year science course or courses required. The first year science course requirements vary from program to program.



        Environmental change is a pressing issue in all parts of the world and in all realms of work. Finding solutions to environmental issues requires innovative and interdisciplinary approaches, which are key aspects of the UofT programs.  The job market requires professionals who can combine discipline-based knowledge and skills with a broader understanding of complex environmental issues.  Workplaces, job descriptions and career paths are rapidly adapting to new recognition of the importance of sustainability and environmental conservation. For example, corporate accountants increasingly consider the full costs and equitable allocation of fiscal responsibility for environmental exploitation; environmental law is one of the fastest growing subsets of the legal profession, with practitioners advocating for policy changes in all levels of government; and increasing corporate responsibility and tighter government auditing requires environmental assessors to address the local, global and future implications of industrial projects.  Success in these and other careers will require professionals with the educational background and critical faculties to negotiate the emerging 'green' economy.
        University of Toronto Environment alumni pursue careers in many fields, and most frequently apply their problem solving and communication skills in these areas:

        • Education
        • Research and Development
        • Engineering
        • Operations
        • Information Technology
        • Media and Communications
        • Sales
        • Consulting
        • Program and Project Management
        • Entrepreneurship

        Within the “Green Economy,” major industries include:

        • Renewable and Green Energy Generation
        • Energy Efficiency and Green Building
        • Resource Conservation
        • Alternative and Sustainable Transportation
        • Environmental Protection
        • Green Products and Manufacturing
        • Green Services
        • Sustainability Planning and Urban Design
        • Carbon and Climate Change Mitigation


        Learn more about the Faculty of Arts & Science by reading our Viewbook


        First Year